Turbo Tuner, Guitar Tuner, Chromatic Strobe Tuner, Musical Instrument Tuner

 

ST122 Chromatic Strobe Tuner

Table of Contents

 

Front Panel

Quick Start

Tuning Tips

ST-122 Features

LCD Display - Basic

Open Tuning Modes

Flat/Sharp Tuning

Reference Pitch

The Cents Keys

LCD Backlight Modes

The Clear Key

Setup Menu

Power On Settings

Defining a New Open Tuning

Editing an Open Tuning

Deleting a Tuning

Temperaments

LCD Display - Advanced

Specifications

 

 

 

         
 

Turbo Tuner Model ST-122 Owner's Manual

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Front Panel

 

The front panel of the ST122 is shown below. The buttons have dual functions, selected by the Alt key at the lower right. The upper diagram shows the primary functions, the lower diagram shows the alternate functions.

 
    ST-122 Turbo Tuner Front Panel    
 

Strobe display Pattern in the ring of LEDs rotates to the left if the note is flat, and rotates to the right if the note is sharp

   

Power On/Off Button

 

LCD. Displays the selected note, mode of operation, etc.

Mode button chooses open tunings for guitars, basses and other stringed instruments.

 

Note change buttons. Used to change notes when in manual mode.

Toggles between Auto and Manual mode.

Cents change buttons. Used to offset a note by a precise amount.

Selects Chromatic Mode

       
         

Alternate Button Functions

ST122 TurboTuner Guitar Tuner

Sharp Tuning - raises the pitch of all notes one semi-tone at a time.

Steps backwards through the modes.

 

Setup - a variety of functions can be customized by the user.

Flat Tuning

Alt Key - hold this button down to access these functions.

Clear - resets the tuner (zeros out any offsets, flat/sharp tuning or changes to the A4 reference)

Backlight - there are 4 modes of LCD backlighting.

Change the A4 reference pitch. Default is 440.0 Hz, can be changed in .1 Hz increments.

     
 

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Quick Start

 

  1. Turn on the power (press the Power Button).

  2. Plug in your guitar, or if it's acoustic, position the ST122 close to the instrument.

  3. In most cases, the Auto / Chromatic mode is used. You can quickly go to this mode by pressing the Alt and Clear buttons. The LCD will read Chromatic and Auto on the bottom line, and display the note on the first line. In the example below, the note is A4, but this will change to match whatever note is played.





  4. Play a note and observe the pattern in the LEDs. The direction of rotation indicates whether the note is sharp or flat. The farther out of tune, the faster the pattern will rotate. When stationary, the note is perfectly in tune. The note and octave are displayed in the upper left corner of the LCD.

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Tuning Tips

 

Fretted Instruments
  1. Mute the strings not being tuned by resting your fingers on them. This will eliminate sympathetic vibrations and give a quicker response in Auto mode, and a cleaner pattern in the strobe display.

  2. For electric guitars, selecting the pickup closest to the neck will give the clearest pattern. You can also back off the tone control for even greater clarity on the bass strings.

  3. Plucking or bowing away from the bridge gives a clearer pattern than right next to the bridge. Also, try plucking the string with the side of the thumb rather than a pick.

Tuning New Strings


When re-stringing an instrument, switch the tuner to manual mode, and select the desired open tuning (via the Mode key) when first bringing them up to pitch. Use the two Note keys to select the string being tuned.

Changing Open Tunings


The ST122 has a number of built in open tunings, such as Drop-D, open A, etc. and the user can define his own as well. When retuning an instrument, the tuner should be in the manual mode.

Acoustic Instruments In Noisy Rooms


The ST122 works excellent for tuning up in noisy rooms. If the room is noisy enough that the automatic note selection has trouble picking up the note, simply switch to manual mode.

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ST-122 Features

 

  • True Strobe Display

Easy to read display instantly shows the slightest difference in pitch of the note played from the indicated note.

  • Extreme Accuracy

The internal timing generator is calibrated at the factory to maintain a precision of ±.02 cents.

  • Chromatic Mode

Permits tuning to any of the 12 notes from C0 to C8, in any temperament.

  • Open Tuning Modes

Tunes to preset or user defined tunings. In this mode the tuner only recognizes notes that are defined for the specified tuning. The tuner comes with a number of pre-defined tunings for stringed instruments. These can be added to and/or erased by the user.

  • Auto/Manual Modes

In Auto mode the tuner senses the note being played and adjusts the strobe display to the nearest note of the selected tuning mode. In Manual mode the Note+ and Note- keys select the note. Manual mode is useful when re-stringing an instrument, changing to a different open tuning, or tuning an acoustical instrument in a very noisy environment.

  • Power On Restore

By default the ST122 remembers the settings from the last time it was powered down. This can be changed by the user.

  • Cents Adjustment

The Cents+ and Cents- keys adjust the cents deviation of the note in increments of 1 cent or .1 cent. Press both keys simultaneously to switch increments, hold both keys for 1 second to clear the cents offset. Hold the key to auto-increment.

  • Flat and Sharp Tuning

Raise or lower all pitches up to six semitones.

  • Reference Pitch Change

The tuner uses A4=440Hz as the reference pitch. This can be changed in increments of .1Hz, over the range of 220.0 Hz to 880.0 Hz.

  • Temperaments

The ST122 can operate in the equal temperament or any 12 note temperament the user desires. The ST122 can store a total of 14 different temperaments, in addition to the equal temperament.

  • Auto Power Off

After about 5 minutes of no activity the tuner will shut off to prolong battery life. This feature may be disabled by the user via the Setup menu.

  • Low Battery Indication

When there is about one hour of battery life remaining, a low battery warning is shown on the LCD.

  • Frequency Display

The frequency of the note in Hertz can be displayed along with the note and octave.

 
 

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LCD Display - Basic Operation


The LCD displays information such as the note being tuned, the temperament, open tuning mode etc. The diagram below shows the general layout of the information on the LCD for normal operation.

The ST-122 has many special features, and the LCD configurations for these special features are shown in a later section.

The examples below show the display when using the equal temperament. In this case, the temperament name is not displayed.

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Using The Special Features


Open Tuning Modes


The tuner operates in either chromatic mode, or one of up to 17 different open tuning modes. The open tuning modes are useful for any stringed instrument. The tuner comes programmed with a number of commonly used open tunings for guitar, bass and bowed instruments. The user may program any desired open tuning for any stringed instrument no matter how many strings it has. See the appendix for a complete list of the pre-programmed tunings.

In an open tuning mode, the tuner only selects notes that are defined for the particular tuning. For example, standard guitar tuning has six notes, E4, B3, G3, D3, A2 and E2. Open tunings are very handy when an instrument is way out of tune, such as when putting on new strings or changing from one alternate tuning to another.

To select an open tuning, press the Mode button. The name of the currently selected tuning along with the string number is shown on the bottom line of the LCD as shown below.

 

Each time the mode key is pressed the tuner advances to the next open tuning. Holding the Alt key and pressing Mode will backup through the list of available tunings.

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Flat Tuning


Flat tuning lowers the pitch of all notes below the regular tuning from one to six semitones. Hold the Alt key and press the Note- key once for each flat desired. The LCD display will show the number of flats selected. In the example below, four flats have been selected.

Flat Tuning

To reduce the number of flats, use the Alt-Note+ key combination, or clear them with the Alt-Clear key combination.

Sharp Tuning


This is the inverse of flat tuning and operates in the same manner.

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Changing the Reference Pitch


The default reference pitch is A4=440 Hz. This can be changed in .1Hz increments to any value from 220.0 Hz to 880.0 Hz.

To change the reference pitch, press the Alt-A440 Change key combination. The display will then look as shown below:

Use the Note keys to change the frequency in 1 Hz increments, and the Cents keys to change it in .1 Hz increments.

Pressing Note+ and Note- simultaneously will set the frequency back to 440.

When finished, press the Alt key by itself to save the new value and return to normal operation.

When the A4 value is anything other than 440Hz, its frequency is shown in the upper right of the LCD display as demonstrated below (A4 is set to 445.3Hz).

To set the pitch back to 440Hz, you can use the Alt-Clear key combination, or Alt-A440 Change then press Note+ and Note- together.

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The Cents Keys


The cents keys adjust the selected note by up to ±50 cents in increments of 1 or .1 cents. This allows you to precisely measure a note, or create a custom tuning for special purposes.

To see how far a note is out of tune, sound a note and use the cents keys to adjust the tuner until the strobe display is stationary. By default the increment is 1 cent. To change to .1 cent, press both keys at the same time.

The cents offset is displayed to the right of the tuning note on the LCD as shown below.

The Cents keys have an auto repeat feature where if you hold the key down for one second the value will automatically increment or decrement.

Pressing and holding both keys for 1 second resets the cents offset back to zero.

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LCD Backlight


The LCD backlight mode is set using the Alt-BAKLITE key combination. Hold the Alt key down and repeatedly press the BaKLITE key to scroll through the four different backlight options:

  1. Off - the backlight is never used.

  2. On - the backlight is on all the time. Note that this will cut the battery life in half.

  3. On Key - the backlight will illuminate any time a key is pressed, and will remain on for about 5 seconds.

  4. On Sound - the backlight will illuminate when a note is played.

The Clear Key


Pressing the Alt-Clear key combination is a quick way to reset any special functions and offsets that have been set. The following happens when Alt-Clear is pressed:

  • Cents offset is reset to zero.

  • The A4 reference frequency is set to 440Hz.

  • Any sharps or flats are cleared.

  • The temperament is set to equal temperament.

  • The display frequency feature is turned off.

  • Auto mode is selected.

  • Chromatic mode is selected.

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The Setup Menu


Pressing the Alt-Setup key combination enters the setup menu. The menu is set up so that pressing the "Auto" key advances to the next menu item without making any changes, and the "Note+" key performs the indicated action.

The Setup Menu is used to perform the following functions. These are covered in detail in later sections:

  • Auto Power Off - when on, unit will shut off after about 5 minutes of inactivity.

  • Show Note Frequency - when selected, the tuning note's frequency in Hertz is shown on the LCD.

  • Power on Settings - by default the tuner powers up in exactly the same state as when it was shut off. There are several other options, explained in the next section.

  • Enter New Tuning - allows the user to program custom open tunings.

  • Delete Tuning - user may delete the currently selected tuning.

  • Edit Tuning - user may edit the notes in any existing tuning except "Guitar".

  • Change Temperament - the user can select any available temperament.

  • Delete Temperament - self explanatory

  • Edit Temperament - new temperaments may be defined, and existing ones may be edited.

  • Restore Defaults - this will restore all the factory defaults including the tunings and temperaments. Any user defined tunings and temperaments will be erased.

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Power On Settings


There are three different options for the tuner's settings when it is powered on. As shipped from the factory, it powers on with the exact same settings as the last time it was shut off.

The three options are:

Factory Defaults - The tuner will always be set as follows when first turned on:

  • Mode is Chromatic / Auto

  • Note is A4

  • LCD Backlight is Off

  • Show Frequency - Off

  • Auto Power Down is On

  • A4 is set to 440.000 Hertz

  • Cents offset is 0

  • No sharps or flats

  • Temperament is Equal


Current Settings - When this is selected from the Setup Menu, the current settings are saved and the tuner will start with these settings each time it is powered up.

From Power Off - The tuner powers up with the exact same settings as when it was last turned off. This is the default as shipped from the factory.

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Defining a New Open Tuning


To define a new open tuning, first enter the Setup Menu via the Alt-Setup key combination, then advance through the options using the Auto button until you come to a selection called "Enter New Tuning". Press the Note+ key to get started.

Enter the Name for the New Tuning


The first step is to enter a name for the tuning. The name may be any combination of letters and numbers. There can be a maximum of 7 characters in the name. The name is entered as follows:

  • Note+/- scrolls through the alphabet

  • Cents+ toggles between upper and lower case

  • Chrom advances to the next character position

  • Cents- backspaces over the previous character

  • Auto accepts the name and advances to the next step, entering the notes for each string.

Entering the String Tunings


This starts with the highest string, which is always string 1. The strings must be entered starting with the highest note and going to the lowest.

  1. The display will show the currently selected note on the first line, and the second line will read "Set str 1 enter"

  2. Use the NOTE+/- and CENTS+/- keys to select the note. The unit is in manual mode. You can set the note by plucking the desired string and adjusting the note and cents to match it.

  3. Press the AUTO button (under the word "enter" on the display) to enter the note into memory and proceed to the next string.

  4. It will then ask if there are any more strings. Pressing yes will repeat the procedure for entering a new string. No will enter the tuning into memory and return to normal operation.

Canceling a Tuning


If you wish to cancel entering a tuning, simply shut the power off. The tuning is not saved until you tell it there are no more strings.

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Editing A Tuning


You may edit the notes of any tuning except Guitar. the note values of the tuning may be changed, but the number of notes and the name of the tuning cannot be changed.

To edit a tuning, first use the MODE key to select the tuning you wish to edit. Then enter the Setup Menu via the Alt-Setup key combination, and advance through the options using the Auto button until you come to a selection called "Edit Tuning?". Press the NOTE+ key to get started. The display will then show the following message, reminding you that the MODE key is used to exit edit mode.

Press the AUTO key (under the word "Start" on the display) to enter the edit mode. The display will then look similar to this:

The AUTO/ALT keys are used to scroll through the different notes in the tuning. The bottom line shows the "string number" and the upper line shows the note for that string. Simply use the NOTE+/- and CENTS+/- keys to adjust the notes you want to change.

When you are finished, press MODE and the tuner reverts to normal operation.

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Deleting A Tuning


Any tuning except Guitar and Chromatic may deleted.

  1. First, use the MODE key to select the tuning you wish to delete.

  2. Enter the Setup Menu and advance to the option "Delete Tuning?". The second line will have the name of the tuning. Pressing NOTE+ for yes will delete the tuning from memory. Pressing AUTO will return to normal operating mode without erasing the tuning.

Once erased, a user defined tuning can only be restored by entering it again.

The tuner comes from the factory with a number of open tunings build in. These may be erased, and can be restored by selecting the "Restore Defaults" option from the Setup Menu. However, doing so will erase any user defined tunings and temperaments.

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Temperaments

Selecting a Temperament


Enter the Setup Menu (Alt-Setup keys) and advance to the option "Change Temermnt". Select the "Yes" option by pressing the NOTE+ key. The display will then look something like this:

The top line shows the currently selected temperament, in this case the equal temperament. Use the NOTE+/- keys to scroll through the list of available temperaments. NOTE+ scrolls forward and NOTE- scrolls backward. Press the AUTO key to use the temperament shown on the first line.

When the temperament is anything other than the equal temperament, the name will appear in the upper right of the display as shown below, where the Pythagorean temperament has been selected. Temperament names are limited to 7 characters.

 

Editing a Temperament


Temperaments are defined as offsets from the notes of the equal temperament. These offsets may be edited for any temperament except the equal temperament. Temperament names cannot be changed, however.

To edit a temperament, enter the Setup menu (Alt-Setup keys) and advance to the option "Edit Temperament". Select the "Yes" option by pressing the NOTE+ key. Here's how the display will look if the tuner was in the Pythagorean temperament:

The top line shows the temperament to be edited. If the tuner was in the equal temperament, the display will look like this:

This is used to create a new temperament, and is covered in the next section.

Use the NOTE+ and NOTE- keys to scroll through the list, and press the AUTO key to edit the temperament. The display will then show the note, the offset in cents and the name of the temperament being edited as shown below.

Use the NOTE keys to scroll through all 12 notes of the scale, the CENTS keys change the offset for the note in increments of .1 cents. Holding one of the CENTS keys down for one second will cause it to auto-repeat. Press the AUTO key when done.

Creating a New Temperament


To create a new temperament, follow the same steps as for editing a temperament, using "New Temperament" as the name of the temperament to edit. You will then be prompted to enter the name for the new temperament. This is done in exactly same manner as entering the name for a new open tuning:

  • Note+/- scrolls through the alphabet

  • Cents+ toggles between upper and lower case

  • Chrom advances to the next character position

  • Cents- backspaces over the previous character

  • Auto accepts the name and advances to the next step, entering the offsets for each of the 12 notes.

The offsets for each note in the new temperament are set to 0.0, and are changed just as for editing a tuning.

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LCD Display - Advanced Features


The LCD displays information such as the note being tuned, the temperament, Auto/Manual mode, tuning mode (Chromatic or Open Tuning), A4 reference and the frequency of the note. Many of these are options and only displayed if selected.

The diagrams below show the most common display configurations.

The note being tuned is always shown in the upper left of the display. The bottom line always shows the tuning mode, and Auto/Manual.

Below is the display when the Guitar mode is selected.

This tells the user the tuner is in the Guitar mode and currently is tuning the 3rd string which is G3.

The note can consist of as many as 4 elements: The note letter, the octave, any cents offset, and any sharps or flats. The example below shows the note offset by 1.5 cents and two flats:

The important thing to remember is the note is always displayed at the start of the first line.

The upper right of the display shows special features. If in a temperament other than equal, it shows the temperament name. Here the Pythagorean temperament has been selected.

The upper right is also used to show the reference pitch if it has been changed from 440 Hz. Here it's been set to 438.7Hz.

So what happens if there is a conflict and there are two values that by themselves would be in the upper right? The ST122 will configure the display so that all of the information is shown. Certain fields will be abbreviated. The example below shows how the display would look in the Pythagorean temperament with A4 set to 438.7Hz.

 

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  Specifications

Dimensions

4.75" (12cm) x 2.7" (6.9cm) x 1.4" (3.6cm) HxWxD

Weight

175 g / 6.2 oz (including battery)

Temperaments

Equal plus 14 user defined (Just and Pythagorean are pre-programmed into user defined temperament memory)

Tuning Range

C0 (16.35 Hz) to C8 (4,186.0 Hz)

Accuracy

+/- .02 Cents (calibrated crystal oscillator)

Reference Pitch

A4 = 220.0 Hz to 880.0 Hz in .1 Hz increments.

Jacks

Input, Output (1/4") and external 9 VDC

Power Supply

9 Volt Alkaline Battery(included), or external 9 Volt DC adapter (optional).

Power Consumption

23 mA typ., 50mA with backlight on